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第
二 CHAPTER TWO – To Rule
章

       1.	 子曰、為政以德、譬如北辰居其所、而眾星共之。

為
政 	 孔子說:「用德政來治國,就好像北極星高居其位,眾星辰都鞏衛著它。」
第 Confucius said,
二 "To rule with virtue is like the North Star in its place, around which all other stars

            revolve, in homage."

       2.	 子曰、詩三百、一言以蔽之、曰、思無邪(一)。

       	 孔子說:「用一句話來概括《詩經》,就是:『思無邪』。」
                 (一)	見於《詩經.魯頌.駉》。意思是:思想純正,心無邪念。

            Confucius said,
            "The three hundred verses of The Odes (1) may be summed up in a single sentence
            which is, Think no evil (2)."	

                  (1)	 One of the six classics compiled and edited by Confucius
                  (2)	 A line from The Odes, "Lu sung", "Chiung" (《詩經.魯頌.駉 》)

       3.	 子曰、道之以政、齊之以刑、民免而無恥、道之以德、齊之以禮、有恥且格。

       	 孔子說:「用政令來領導人民,用刑法來管束人民;他們會避免刑罰,但是不會有羞
            恥之心。用德政來領導人民,用禮儀來管束人民;他們不但會有羞恥之心,而且更會
            有進取心。」
            Confucius said,
            "Lead through policies, discipline through punishments, and the people may be
            restrained but without a sense of shame. Lead through virtue, discipline through the
            rites, and there will be a sense of shame and conscientious improvements."

       4.	 子曰、吾十有五而志于學、三十而立、四十而不惑、五十而知天命、六十而耳順、七十而從
            心所欲不 矩。

       	 孔子說:「我十五歲時立志向學;三十歲時已有建樹;四十歲時不會有所困惑;五十
            歲時知道甚麼是天命;六十歲時,所聽所聞都知道箇中道理;七十歲時,依從心意做
            事,不會有越軌行為。」

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